What is Nipah Virus? Nipah Virus Symptoms Prevention Treatment Facts? Nipah Virus Symptoms Prevention Treatment Facts?
Nepha / Nipah Virus (NIV) Acute respiratory syndrome and encephalitis, infection can cause serious complications in humans, and it can also affect some animals such as pigs. This is a deadly virus, which has led many people in India recently.
What is Nipah Virus? Nipah Virus Symptoms Prevention Treatment Facts
NIV or Nipah virus is an emerging zoonotic pathogenic (a virus transmitted from animals to humans). Please read full article about what is nipah virus? and their treatment to prevent yourself.
This virus was first detected in Kampang Sungai Nipah in Malaysia in 1998. At that time most of the pigs found its virus and the pig nipah was the reason for spreading the virus. But primarily, these viruses spread the fruit eating bats.
In 2004, Nipah viruses were also found in people of Bangladesh, due to which the fruits, which were contaminated or eaten by fruit eating bats, were palm, dates, etc. WHO has listed this virus in its ‘Blueprint Priority’ disease category?
How Nipah Virus Expands? HOW NIPAH VIRUS SPREAD?
- The virus can be transmitted through close contact with people’s secretion and immersion.
- Spreads directly from human to human contact.
- Eating fruits eaten by infected bats and less baked meat of infected animals can also spread the virus.
- Palm and date juice can also cause infection if an infected bat has eaten half of it.
Signs and Symptoms of Nipah Virus
- This infection can occur in humans without any symptoms.
- However, it is important for people to see symptoms like influenza.
- Fevers, throat pain, headache, vomiting, nausea, stomach ache and muscle pain are some common signs.
- Due to interference in respiratory infection, acute respiratory infections (light to severe) can increase.
- During this phase, people experience atopic pneumonia and acute respiratory symptoms, leading to serious problems.
- This increases the lethal encephalitis, which means to create inflammation of the brain tissues. Symptoms cause swelling, dizziness and nervous symptoms.
- In severe cases, there is a risk of seizures and encephalitis. If this happens, within 24 to 48 hours the situation of coma can also be awakened.
Prevention of Nipah Virus
- Avoid close (insecure) physical contact with infected people.
- Wear NH 95-grade and higher masks.
- Wash hands with soap regularly.
- Avoid consuming partially eaten fruit or unexpected fruit juices.
- Stay away from the contact of some animals such as birds and pigs.
- Boil palm juice well before consuming it.
- Wash and peel the fruit thoroughly before eating.
- Maintain cleanliness of yourself and children individually.
- Keep your home covered properly. Do not leave the window open for more time.
Nipah Virus Treatment
- Currently, no vaccine or drug is available for humans or animals. The primary treatment is intensive support for people suffering from severe respiratory and nerve related complications.
- By contracting the symptoms from the onset of symptoms, incubation period (in showing symptoms) is between 4 to 14 days. In some cases, the incubation period of 45 days has also been reported.
- After avoiding acute encephalitis, people are expected to recover completely. However, survivors have seen changes in long-term neurological conditions such as nervousness, weakness, and personality.
Key facts related to Nipah Virus
- Nipah Virus infect animals and humans (an event known as zoonosis). This virus has joined the list of recent zoonotic outbreaks like swine flu and bird flu.
- Doctors believe that on the right time, the virus can kill the patients affected by 40-100 percent of the virus.Its initial symptoms are simple, which are similar to normal viral infection.
- Nipah Virus affects both respiratory and nervous system. In recent outbreaks in the Indian subcontinent, lungs are often affected.
- Apart from supportive care there is no definite treatment. Assertive care means that patients may need to be closely monitored and admitted to hospital. Patients may need respiration and they may need to be kept on the ventilator.
- There is no vaccine for nipah virus yet.
- For patients living away from the area of outbreaks – if you have symptoms like flu, such as headache and fever – you are more likely to have a common flu than Nipah.
- For people living in or near the dubious area, solicitation and initial advice should be sought from the doctor.
- An outbreak like nippy virus is likely to be more common. Excessive population and human-animal interaction make it more likely to increase the outbreak. Virus ‘jump’ is a rapidly recognized phenomenon of species.
Note: This advice and information only provides general knowledge. This is not an option for qualified medical opinion in any way. Always consult a specialist or your doctor for more information. Techmenia does not claim responsibility for this information. In the above information about what is nipah virus? and how they affect our body.